As traffic lawyers in Charleston, South Carolina, we’ve helped drivers who’ve lost their license because the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) declared them to be an Habitual Traffic Offender (“habitual offenders”). The consequences of being designated as an habitual offender in South Carolina can be devastating especially because you can’t drive for five (5) years. Also, you can’t get a route-restricted license. Lastly, if you drive during that five-year period, the criminal penalties can be severe. This article explains the law in South Carolina regarding habitual offenders and how to get your license to drive back as soon as possible.
Who is an Habitual Offender in South Carolina?
3 Major Traffic Violations Within 3 Years – If you have 3 convictions for “major” traffic violations in a 3-year span, you can be declared an habitual offender. “Major” traffic offenses include:
- Driving under the influence (DUI)
- Driving with an unlawful alcohol concentration (DUAC)
- Reckless driving
- Driving under suspension (DUS) (except for failing to file a certificate of SR-22 insurance)
- Voluntary manslaughter arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle
- Involuntary manslaughter arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle
- Reckless homicide arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle
- Failure to stop for an accident resulting in death or injury
- Any felony offense arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle such as felony DUI.
10 Violations Within 10 Years – If you have 10 convictions for “minor” traffic violations in a 10-year span, you can be declared an habitual offender. “Minor” violations are those that carry four or more points against your driver’s license, such as speeding more than 10 mph over the speed limit or failure to stop for a traffic signal. Major violations also count.
For purposes of determining whether your violations fall within a 3 or 10 year period, the DMV goes by the incident date of each violation, not the court date or conviction date.
What Happens When I Have Too Many Traffic Violations in South Carolina?
The DMV will send a notice that your license either is at risk or being suspended because you are an habitual offender. The DMV sends this notice to the address you have listed in their records (South Carolina law requires you to change your address with the DMV within 10 days any time you move).
If your license has been suspended as an habitual offender in South Carolina, you can challenge the suspension within thirty (30) days after receiving your notice from the DMV by requesting a hearing. During this hearing, you may challenge many issues including whether the DMV miscounted the number of traffic violations within a 3 or 10 year period or whether the DMV misclassified your traffic violations such as whether your conviction was a felony.
If I’m a Habitual Offender, Can I Get My License Back in Less Than 5 Years?
After 2 years of suspension, you can apply to the DMV to get your license back. To succeed, there are 5 conditions you must meet. First, you can’t have a previous habitual offender suspension in any state. Second, you must not have driven a motor vehicle since your suspension began. Third, you can’t have any arrests for any alcohol or drug violations since the suspension began. Fourth, you can’t have any traffic violations since the suspension began. Fifth, you can’t have any other mandatory license suspensions that have not yet reached their end date.
The DMV will respond within 30 days after you’ve made your request to get your license back. If the DMV denies your request, you can appeal the decision to the Office of Motor Vehicle Hearings (OMVH) to challenge whether the DMV misinterpreted the law or your driving history and to present witnesses and evidence in your favor. Also, you may be able to convince the OMVH that there is “good cause” why you should get your license back. If the OMVH denies your appeal, you can then petition to the Administrative Law Court (ALC) to decide your case again.
If you succeed in getting your license back after 2 years, but you receive another “major” violation during the original 5-year period, the DMV will suspend you again for the remainder of the 5 year period.